Prepared by Samuel Francis Gills; Shreeya A Pal; Edited by Veronica Laurent on January 21, 2022

Canada held its second Express Entry aligned Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) draw on January 19th  inviting 1036 Express Entry (EE) candidates to apply for permanent residence. The invited candidates required a minimum Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score of 745 to receive an invitation. All candidates invited had already received a nomination through a Provincial Nominee Program(PNP), adding 600 points to their base human capital score.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)  has so far invited 1,428 PNP applicants via Express Entry (EE) in 2022. Comparing the previous ten PNP-specific EE draws, the CRS cut-off has often been in the range of 700-800. The 745 CRS requirement for this draw was less than the 808 CRS required for the year’s first draw on January 5. The graph below shows the number of Invitation to Apply (ITA)’s issued during the same period for 2021 & 2022.



Since September 2021, IRCC solely hosted Express Entry (EE) draws only for PNP applicants. Canada plans to accept 411,000 new immigrants in 2022 and 421,000 new immigrants in 2023 under the Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023. PNP streams are an important aspect of Canada’s immigration strategy, with almost 250,000 applicants likely to receive permanent residence between 2021 and 2023. The federal government has made various statements hinting that Express Entry (EE) reforms are on the way.

Individuals who would like to apply for a provincial nomination through an enhanced PNP stream must first create their Express Entry profile. Many, though not all, PNP streams are aligned with Canada’s Express Entry (EE) system. PNP draws have higher CRS cut-off score requirement due to the automatic addition of 600 points to the candidate’s Express Entry profile on receiving a nomination from the province. The graph below shows the CRS score cut-off scores for the last 10 EE draws.



Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are fast-track Canadian immigration programs and provide a unique pathway to immigrate to Canada. There are two types of provincial nomination programs:

Base nominations: these streams work outside of the Express Entry system and are managed by the provinces themselves. Base nominations are subject to streams and processing standards. The candidates opting for base nomination should meet the criteria for a PNP pathway, then apply and if successful receive a nomination certificate. Once the nomination certificate is received the candidate can apply for permanent residence status with the IRCC.

Enhanced nominations: these streams are linked with the Express Entry system suitable candidates are searched by the provincial immigration officials who match specific criteria. These provinces then invite the eligible candidates to apply for provincial nomination.

Express Entry (EE)

Express Entry is an electronic selection system used by the Federal as well as Provincial governments of Canada [to select], as well as designated Canadian employers [to nominate] candidates for Canadian permanent residence under three of its popular economic [skilled] immigration programs:

Candidates eligible for any of the above programs are given a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score in the Express Entry Pool. It is based on their Core/Human capital factors such as age, work experience, education, and language ability in English and/or French, etc. And, based on scores, candidates are periodically invited (or nominated) for permanent residence.

Check out Owlspriority Immigration’s Canada Settlement Resources to learn more about ways to find a new job in Canada, making your initial days in Canada stress-free and confident, etc.

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