A permanent resident is eligible to become a Canadian citizen only when he or she has met all the applicable criteria.
A person must meet all the applicable citizenship criteria before he or she can become a citizen of Canada. To be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship, the applicant must fulfil the following criteria:
- Permanent residency status: In order to apply for citizenship, the applicant must be a permanent resident of Canada with no unfulfilled condition with respect to his or her permanent residency status.
- Time spent by you in Canada: To be eligible to apply for citizenship, the applicant must have spent at least 3 years (1095 calendar days) in Canada within the last 5 years from the date of applying. Some of the time the applicant had spent in Canada on a temporary or protected status will also be counted while calculating the total number of days spent in Canada.
- Income tax filing: Irrespective of the applicant’s age, the applicant may have to provide proof substantiating income tax filing for at least 3 Canadian financial years.
- Language abilities: To be eligible, the applicant must prove that he or she will be able to speak and listen at an “adequate” capacity in one (or both) of Canada’s official languages – English or French. The language ability of the candidate is measured in terms of the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB).
- Knowledge about Canada: To become a citizen, the applicant need to take a test wherein questions related to the following areas will have to be answered:
- Canadian values
- Canadian history
- Canadian symbols
- Canadian institutions
- Rights, responsibilities, and privileges of being a Canadian citizen
To know more about the citizenship test, click here.
- Prohibitions: If the applicant had committed a crime inside or outside Canada, he or she may not be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship for some time.