Children under the age of 18 are considered as “minors” in Canada. They are expected to follow the same rules applicable to any other visitor who is visiting Canada. However, depending on the circumstance, the minor may have to carry certain additional documents also.
The Canadian Border Service Agency (CBSA) is on constant lookout for children who are missing or runaway. Depending on the situation and/or circumstance, several questions may be asked to a minor if he or she is travelling alone to Canada, and doesn’t have the required document(s) available with him or her.
If you (or your child) is a minor and is planning to visit Canada, the first thing you will need to check is what travel document is required for you to come to Canada – a TRV or an eTA. To see if what you will need is a TRV or an eTA to come to Canada, click here.
Case 1 (If the minor is travelling alone)
In this case, the minor should present:
Case 2 (If the minor is travelling with one parent only)
In this case, the parent should present:
Case 3 (If the minor’s parents are separated or divorced, but share custody of the minor)
In this case, the parent accompanying the minor should present legible copies of legal custody documents.
Case 4 (If the minor’s parents are separated or divorced, and only one of them has sole custody of the minor)
The authorization letter, in this case, must be signed only by the parent who has legal custody of the minor. The parent should also bring a copy of the legal custody decree.
Case 5 (Other circumstances)
Note: If the case is not any one of the above-mentioned, adequate security screening/scrutiny will be performed by the Canadian Border Service Agency (CBSA) officers before the minor is allowed/denied entry into Canada.